Ground Orb-Weaving Spider
Anapid Family, genus and species unknown
Other Names: Tiny Orb-Weavers
Family: Anapidae (Ground Orb-Weaving Spiders). 18 species known in Australa, 150 estimated total in Australia. 220 species known in the world.
Size: Body size 0.5 to 2.25 mm
Distribution: The East coast of Australia from tropical QLD to Tas., and the South-west corner of WA. Also in caves on Christmas Island.
Habitat: Anapids are most common in leaf litter and moss on the floor of rainforests. Some Tasmanian species are exclusively found in caves and have reduced or no eyes.
References: Framenau, Baehr & Zborowski.
They have six or eight eyes, apart from some cave-dwelling species.
Note that dead spiders usually fade in colour, so nearly all the spiders will look blacker or darker in colour in real life than they do in the photos of dead spiders from the museum.
Photo taken at Australian Museum, Sydney.
A Guide to the Spiders of Australia, by Volker W. Framenau, Barbara C. Baehr, and Paul Zborowski.
This is a great field guide to Australian spiders. It's a toss up between this one and Spiderwatch for my second favourite spider field guide. This one is a lot different to Spiderwatch. It's got more than twice the number of pages. It's got much better photos. It comes with a soft clear plastic cover protecting the usual soft cover. On the other side of the argument, it's got no index other than an index of family names (i.e. no index of actual spider names, not their common names and not their scientific names). Which makes it hard to find things in it, if you don't know what family they are in. Also it's based on families and not individual spider species. It's still a wonderful book though.
From the publisher, "This definitive guide to the subject, written by three experts in the field, offers a window into a fascinating world. Notorious species such as the Redback and the Sydney Funnel-web sit alongside less wellknown but equally intriguing spiders such as the ant-mimics and net-casting spiders. The introduction covers spider structure, evolution, reproduction, silk and venom, together with peculiarities of the family within an Australian context.
The two main sections of the book deal with Trapdoor Spiders and Modern Spiders, and within each section there is a chapter on each of the 80 or so spider families that occur in Australia. Each is illustrated with beautiful photographs of the subjects, with more than 30 images per family for some of the larger groups such as the jumping spiders, and many rare images never before published. "
Purchase from Australia (Booktopia)
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