What To Do About the Upcoming Economic Crash
See also: Why the Global Economy is About to Crash, Books About Survival in the Future Hard Times, The Power of Community: How Cuba Survived Peak Oil (Video), Arithmetic, Population and Energy (Video), What is Peak Oil?, Why is Peak Oil a Problem, How to Get Started, What the Economic Crisis Really Means - and What We Can Do About It (Video), Surviving the Economic Crash — Web Links
IMPORTANT: Please read the legal section and disclaimer before
attempting any of the skills or practices shown in this website. Note also that none of the information given constitutes financial advice. If you require financial advice, please see a registered financial advisor.
If you find that you can't deal with this (at first), whatever that means for you, keep trying. Get used to the idea that your usual way of life is (for most people in the first world) going to end before your own life ends. You are going to be much better off going through this phase of reality sinking in before things start to really change. While there are still all the conveniences and benefits of modern life and of our availability of technology, information, tools, social stability, and so on.
NOTICE: Richard Heinberg has a very good page on this topic, which I highly recommend.
Perhaps there is some comfort in knowing that it's not something that is outright impossible to deal with, since people have been living in ways other than our current modern high-tech lifestyle for the whole of human history up till very recent times.
What's On This Page
Ideas Which are More Detailed
General Principles to Follow
The sooner you start on this, the better (for you and, to some extent, for everyone else).
- For most people who already have an established career, it will be easier to have two separate careers — a "before" career and an "after" career. The reason for this is because most of the things that will be the most valuable after the real crash has set in are not valuable in the pre-crash economy. If you already have a job, try to funnel your additional resources (i.e. spare time, money, and energy) into developing your "after" career (your post-crash career). Look further down this page for ideas on what that might be — but to sum it up in one sentence, think of jobs that would be in demand in a small to medium sized country town in the past (maybe 50 or 100 years ago, or perhaps in a medieval village). Jobs fixing things will also be more in demand than they are now.
- If you can't think of anything for an "after" career, do a Permaculture Design Certificate (PDC). Try and aim to have one completed within a period of time from now, say 12 months from now. Due to the uncertainty in the economic situation, this is still a good idea even if you have an "after" career well developed.
- Probably the best choice for an "after" career, for a great many people, will be producing food. Anything you can do now to produce food yourself, and/or learn about it, will be a great investment for the future, for yourself and your family. In the end, it will be worth much, much more than stocks, real estate portfolios, or money in the bank.
- Start thinking of investment in a different way to whay you have done in your life up till now. The financial types of investments that people have gotten used to are all going to collapse. If you already have some of these yourself, work towards converting them to other types of investments that will be important in the future (like in the point above this one).
- IMPORTANT: Do at least one of these things (or more if you can): Start attending at a local community garden. Do a PDC (see below for more info on this). Join a group, such as a local permaculture group, or preppers group. Join a group that does "permablitzes" and participate in some of them.
- Get a piece of blank paper right now and write down a few short points (just a few is okay for now) of things that are to become your new long-term life/career goals (such as what is in the paragraph above this one). Really do this. Now.
- Do an internet search on "pdc", "permaculture design course" and "permaculture design certificate" along with the name of your town, city, or locality. If you can't attend an internal course there is a great Online Permaculture Design Certificate (Online PDC) run by Permaculture Visions. If you live in the west of Sydney there is a PDC starting on the 8th of February 2013 run by Katoomba Street Permaculture, 2 days a week (Friday and Saturday) for 6 weeks.
- Do another search for permaculture group, and for transition group. Try and find one close to your area, and turn up at one of their meetings.
- If you don't already have a "before" career — e.g. if you are a student, you could consider skipping the "before" career, or trying to find something that will be useful in both the before and after economies. Public interest in the types of things that will be in demand after the crash is growing all the time.
- Modern industrial society has gotten used to having increasing amounts of energy available. This is going to reverse, and along with it will reverse many of the trends that happened during this large increase in energy availability. One of the big trends is the trend we have had towards increasing centralisation and globalisation. The reverse of this, which will be a major effect of the future "powerdown" of the economy, will be an increase in localisation. Meaning things will happen on increasingly local levels. This means that responsibility for the basic essentials of life will rest in increasingly closer geographical areas. Much of the advice on this page is nothing more than the direct consequences of this one trend.
- Reversal of this trend means that things that have been traditionally growth areas and high-paying jobs (like high-tech jobs and white collar vs blue collar jobs) will become shrinking areas. And many jobs that have traditionally been "dead-end" industries will be growth and success areas.
- It will still be possible for highly motivated business owners (and others) to succeed, but the types of industries that the most successful businesses operate in will change a lot.
- Localisation of food production will be one of the most important features of the future economy.
- Try to find some other people to work on this with. Do an internet search on "transition town group" and "permaculture group" along with the name of your town or city or locality.
- Try and reduce your debt. Ideally, get out of debt completely. Of course, this is impossible for everyone to do, since there is far more debt in the economy than actual money. Which means there is not anywhere near enough money in existence to pay back all the debt that is in existence. So someone (in fact a lot of people) are going to have to default on their loans eventually. Aiming to minimise the impact of this on your life is one of the most useful things that you can do. To begin with, try to make up some sort of plan as to what you could do about this. For example, could you live with a relative who owns their house outright, if required? Perhaps a few of you could pool together and buy something?
- Once a large enough number of people start to default on loans, something will have to change on a big scale in the financial system. I don't think it is clear what will happen to home ownership of housing loan holders once banks start to become insolvent (go out of business). Before the banks become insolvent (or are rescued with bailouts, or whatever ends up happening), it will be likely that many homes will be repossessed. This means that if you are in a high risk category for this to happen to you (i.e. are barely able to cover your mortgage, and/or would not be able to cover it in the long term due to say long term unemployment), try to plan around this before it happens. Perhaps by selling now while the market is still pretty high, and getting a much cheaper place, or renting a much cheaper place. At least try to have some plan in mind.
- Try not to rely 100% on money in the bank, or any other kind of financial investment (in the currently understood sense of investment). Expect that at some point there may be a run on the banks, or multiple runs, after which the banks may go under (meaning you can't get any more money back from them). Of course, everyone can't just "take all their money out of the bank" any more than everyone can pay back all their debt — because any more than a small fraction of the money doesn't really exist. Most of the money in the economy is nothing more than a security note that is secured against future economic growth (i.e., it is the equivalent of you lending money to someone else, who is putting up the promise of their future economic expansion as security on the loan). And when you take away the possibility of that future growth, most of the money ceases to exist.
- Perhaps the biggest problem in modern life is that of distraction. Try to eliminate as many things as you can which distract you from doing something useful with your time and your life.
- Do anything at all that you can think of to help you become more happy with the idea of a more earthy, low-tech lifestyle. Do this as often as you can, in as many different ways as you need to, until you start to feel a change in your own outlook.
Ideas Which are More Detailed
This is a list of more specific things you could do that would be a good idea. Pick the things that you will really, actually do, that apply to you.
- Consider how recession-proof your job is, and consider how this will affect you. If the outlook is not good, consider re-training in another field while the economy is still going along (relatively) comfortably. This may be a lot easier than retraining after the crash when you are having difficulty with income and other things. What could you cut out from your current life that isn't that important in the long-term picture, that could help make room for useful activities?
- You can learn a huge amount from imagining different scenarios, like as if it was a game, and thinking about what you would/could do. For example, imagine what you would do if you had to live off half your current income. Really think about it for a while. At first it might seem horribly depressing, but there are lots of people in the world who already live on this much and a lot of them are pretty happy people, so it is not something that is impossible. Sometimes it seems that life would be easier if I didn't have so much stuff. And some of the best memories in my life have been from when I was very materially challenged, like when I was 18 and I could fit everything I owned into one car, or when I was 23 and sleeping on a mattress on the floor of half a small room in a relative's house (and could once again fit everything I owned into one car, although in between those times I owned a whole flat full of furniture and other "junk").
- Try and save some money, and/or reduce your debt. Or, at least, spend your money on things that you believe will be valuable in a simpler low-tech low-income type of future.
- Try starting a small veggie garden. See here for how to do this. If you don't have space for a garden, see here.
- If you know how to grow food already, and like it, you could do more of this type of stuff. If you really hated it, perhaps there are other things that you could do for a living in the future.
- If you already have a veggie garden, (or even if you don't), definitely start looking into keeping some animals. Perhaps the easiest animals to start with, especially if you are new to this type of thing, are guinea pigs. They are very, very easy to keep and to breed. They are fun for kids before the crash, and after the crash they can be put to other uses. They breed ridiculously fast (they are fertile from about 1-2 months old), and I've heard that in some third world countries they can make up to 50% of all the protein food eaten by humans. They are also (apparently) a good size for a meal in an economic situation that has no electricity or refreigeration, unlike larger animals which pose problems of how to store the meat. Another advantage is that you can keep them in places where you might not be allowed to have other animals, such as rental properties. (In a rental home with any kind of garden or even a balcony, you may be more likely to be allowed to keep guinea pigs than dogs even.) Try to get a cage with small-spacing wire mesh that is snake proof. You also want the cage to be fox proof.
- Other recommendations for animals to start with would be chickens, ducks and/or goats. Don't aim for a massive industrial farm, start small and go from there. You might not be allowed by your local council, see what you are allowed to keep. If you are not allowed to keep any animals at all (other than dogs, cats, etc), I would consider moving somewhere else, though this is not essential. In a severe collapse a lot of the laws will be changed (and/or ignored) anyway.
- If you already have a veggie garden and some animals, consider expanding your vegetable garden, and/or starting another one. Perhaps start one at a relative's house if this is feasible.
Either in your existing kitchen garden, or a new one, experiment with techniques that use less water than what you are used to.
There was a time several years ago (before the water restrictions) when I started a new vegie garden specifically for the purpose of preparing for future economic hardship. It was summer and hot all the time, and sunny most of the time. I was using the currently popular intensive close-spaced growing techniques, (though I wouldn't have thought to call them that at the time). Every day I would go out to water them (often twice a day if it was really hot), using the hose and the town water supply. I got really depressed watching all that water go onto the garden, wondering how on Earth that much water would be reliably available after the economic meltdown. I didn't know that there are other ways to grow food that don't need nearly as much water. If you are interested in this, see here for more.
- If you own your own house, get a water tank. (If you already have one, consider getting another one, though this is much less of a priority that if you don't have one at all.)
- If you are physically unfit, start to get into shape, at least somewhat. In the future, physical ability will become much more important and useful to you than what it has been in most modern/western people's lives so far.
Having said that, don't think that none of this is for you if you're not that fit, or well, physically. At present it's probably fair to say that most of the people (certainly a lot of them) in modern westernised countries who are successful and experienced veggie gardeners are older people, who are more frail physically (sometimes a lot more) than most younger people. There is so much that can be done to help yourself (and other people) get through the long-term future changes that there is still plenty for you to do, no matter what your level of physical ability is.
- Try to find some other people to do this with, to some extent. This does NOT mean to force your views on other people you know who are resistant to this type of stuff, which is generally a really bad idea, and usually does not help them. Perhaps look for a local permaculture group, or a local council or community garden where they offer beginner's courses on food gardening, or something like that.
- If you are young, or considering a career change, try to pick something that will be useful in a future, low-tech economy. One (very approximate) test for this is that if the job exists right now in small country towns, it is more likely to exist in the future. Most trade type jobs will become more valuable compared to office type jobs than they are at present. Anything where you will learn practical hand skills is probably a good thing.
- If you are considering moving to another area, look seriously into relocating to a more rural location. The trend of more and more people living in cities has been created entirely by the growth of the modern technological way of life. This trend will reverse in the future (perhaps very dramatically). If you have severe doubts that the job you do does not even exist in a more rural area, you are probably in the wrong type of work (at least in terms of still being employed in that line of work in the long-term future). See the point above about changing careers.
I defined a city as a collection of people living in numbers large enough to require the importation of resources.
Derrick Jensen, What a Way to Go,1h 4 mins
- If you live in the city and work in a high-tech job, try to either (or both) of prepare to move somewhere more rural when you have to, and prepare yourself to survive in the city. In some previous countries' economic collapses (e.g. Argentina), some city people were better off than country people. This will only apply to a certain level of collapse, though. In a more severe and prolonged collapse, the basic essentials of life will become more and more important. That is, water, food, medicine, and defence. Generally speaking, rural locations will be a lot better for these.
A city could be defined, almost, as a human ecosystem that grossly exceeds the carrying capacity of its local environment.
Prof. Emeritus William Catton, Jr., What a Way to Go,1h 4 mins
- If you are in a position to do this, consider a holiday to a rural area where you will learn some new skills. There are farms that offer these types of holidays. One way to find these is here (Australian) or here (Global). Also consider working for a while, or doing voluntary work, in an alternative type of field, that offers new skills.
Try an internet search for working farm holidays and see what comes up.
- If you are in a position to, try travelling to other parts of the world where people already live with much less than we have in the West. There are organisations which you can join to go and do voluntary work in third-world countries, e.g. where you help people to develop permaculture farms and basic infrastructure. These types of situations, which are happening right now in poorer countries, are very similar to what is likely to happen to Western countries after the crash. So not only are the skills close to what you will want to know about, but in many ways the actual situation is too.
General Principles to Follow
- Starting today, resolve that you will reduce your dependence on the modern high-tech globalised economy — gradually, and continually, on a permanent and ongoing basis.
- Decide that you are going to make today your day of change, and from this point on your life is going to become gradually adjusted for its optimum best future in (what is for most people) a very different type of long-term future to that which you have spent the majority of your life so far imagining and planning for.
- Try to something every day, no matter how small, working towards your new long-term future. Even if it is only for a few minutes, making the commitment to doing something every day (and then following through with that) can be a major turning point in life for many people.
Having said that, if you miss a day, or a lot of days, don't be concerned with that. Just start planning to do things regularly (or at least somewhat regularly) from now on.
- Survival is all about priorities. No matter what your situation, (or what situations you are preparing for), there will always be an unlimited number of things that you could do to improve your situation. There will never be a point where everything that you possibly could do is done.
I've said this right at the start of this page because, when facing the kinds of situations we are considering here, it can seem like there is an endless list of things that "need" to be done to prepare. And this can make it seem hopeless, like "why even bother?" You might as well know right from the start that there is an endless list of things that you could to (to improve your future situation).
The art of survival lies in choosing which things you give priority to — and doing only those things — without being concerned about all the things you are not doing.
- Make becoming more flexible one of your long term goals. This is both easy and hard. Easy because it doesn't involve a big list of things you need to get or skills you have to learn or anything like that. Hard because its not that obvious how to go about developing it.
I will have more to say about this in the future... But for now, consider that it is such an important quality to possess in an uncertain future, that you can practice using it right now by starting to let go of some of the fears and concerns you might have about that future, and what you are supposed to do about it, and trust that you will get everything sorted, one way or another, and things will ultimately work out how they are meant to.
- Try to build and develop a feeling of attachment and identification with some of the things that will be useful to you in the future. This is the most important point on this page.
- Look back over your own life so far and consider how you most easily learn new things. Is it from reading (books or the internet), watching videos, from direct contact with other people, perhaps in a classroom, or on the job, or something else? Whichever ways you have learned most from in the past, look to those ways to learn about what you will be doing in the future.
For e.g., if you are not a book person, you won't find it nearly as useful to try and force your way through a pile of books than if you use another method of learning. Also consider how much structure you need — some people are independent learners, while others require a formal structure, perhaps with deadlines, grades, other classmates, etc, to motivate them. If this applies to you, then consider how you can use this in your preparations for the future. Perhaps studying a formal course is suited to your personality?
Even if you are not a book person, you can still learn a heap from books. Just don't read many of them. Try getting just one really good book (like this, this, or this), and spend a year (or a few years) doing what is in that book. That way, you won't be reading very much at all, but you can still learn what you need to know. I say this because a lot of the best information is currently available mostly in book form.
- Have a bit of a look for more sources of high quality information about this kind of stuff. Here is my contribution so far (Note that if the page is slow to load, the link is meant to send you to the "hard times" section of that web page. This list will be updated). Pick the book from the list that you like the look of best and get it, and start reading it and doing some of the things in it.
- Practice gradually cutting back on your use of modern technology. In some ways this is a lot like giving up any other kind of addiction like smoking, alcoholism, gambling, etc. Though in some ways it is completely different. If you find this comparison (to an addiction) useful, then go with it, if not then forget it. In either case, try to aim to use less and less modern technology (at least occasionally if you can't imagine doing this for very much of the time). Most modern people aim to use more and more technology, get faster computers, more recent models of TV sets, more modern fitted out kitchens, etc.
For a lot of people, if you have this stuff available, you will want it, seek it, and spend a lot of time trying to afford it, get it, and then spend even more time using it. If you deliberately cut back from this somewhat, you will create some empty space you can then fill with doing things that will still exist and be useful/enjoyable in the future. If you wait until there is time to do this, there probably won't ever be time, since the modern way of life demands more and more of people's time as it becomes more advanced. A lot of the things that you think you need right now (in modern life I mean) will fade into irrelevance when you find other things to focus on.
Perhaps the most difficult thing about this whole preparation for the long-term future is just cleaning out some room in your life from things of the modern high-tech world that are taking up all the space. This implies some degree of letting go of those things, which is usually the difficult part. By things I mean things that are currently taking up your time, and also your goals, desires, ambitions, and (for many people) even things that you enjoy and perhaps base much of your current and imagined future pleasure and happiness on. Clinging on to these things is likely to stop or slow your preparations more than anything else I can think of. At first it can take a leap of faith to believe that there could be real pleasure and happiness in things that you are not used to imagining as positive.
Once you experience things yourself, and get used to them, things can become a lot different to how they may seem at first (or before you have ever done them).
A summary of this point: It will help a lot if you can create some space in your life, by deliberately cutting back some of the things from modern life.
Try making a list of some things that you could cut back on.
- Don't get too concerned with having to do or learn a million things, (especially the learn part). In fact, for most of this, it is better to place your focus on doing rather than reading about (or watching, etc.). Though at the beginning, you will need to read or watch at least something — where to begin, and what thing or things to do next.
- Focus more on learning the right kind of attitude, and skills, than on getting "stuff" (though you will want to get some stuff also). This might seem to contradict the point above, but it doesn't when you consider that its mostly by doing things that you will learn. (And that you will need some stuff in order to do these new things, which you will be learning from.) In a long-term future that is considerably more uncertain than the life you are used to, it's more likely that you will be able to hold onto (and rely on) knowledge, and inner resources that you develop, than stuff (including land) that you buy.
- Realise that in the modern global economy, on average, people's jobs are much more specialised than they have ever been in the history of the world. This is a trend that will reverse in the future (after the crash). Particularly, it will affect you in that you may be used to having to do things to a high level of specialisation (and therefore skill), that is based on having many years (perhaps most of your working life) to do just that one highly specialised thing. Also, most people you see in the mass media (including "celebrity survivalists" and "celebrity" gardeners, etc.) have become specialised like this.
What you need to be aware of is that you absolutely don't need to learn these skills to this level of specialisation. When you start, you will probably be looking at these kinds of people to learn what to do yourself. This effect can make what is ahead of you seem much harder than it really is. In the future, it will be more useful to have a (relatively) small amount of skill in a wider range of areas than in the high-tech economy. Another way of saying this is that there is a lot less that you will need to learn about each thing (that you try to learn) than how it seems at first.
- So don't be discouraged if at first (or at any time) it feels like you're not getting anywhere, or that all this is way too hard. To be doing anything at all, or trying to do anything, towards this new type of long-term future (even just to be reading this page) is awesome. You're already here. Welcome to the club.
- This next point seems like it should be obvious, but it isn't: Try to remember that you aren't trying to replicate everything in your existing modern high-tech life. If you don't remember this, you will tend more and more towards trying to re-create the type and standard of life that you are used to (i.e. based on modern industrial technology). To do this without the availability of modern industrial technology that you're used to is impossible. So, if you don't think about this point, you will end up feeling frustrated (and worse) because what you are trying to do seems much too hard (its completely impossible).
It's better to try to learn (gradually) that happiness is possible without a modern high-tech lifestyle, and realise that you don't need everything that you are used to thinking that you need. Learning this isn't something that you will do in one go, and then forget about it — but something that will keep coming up again and again as you prepare and (later on) as your life situation starts to really change.
- Try and think of how you could possibly have a happy future, given the level of economic collapse that is likely to occur. I like to think of the Hobbits in the Lord of the Rings movies as an example of a simple low-tech lifestyle that seems appealing (especially at the end of the series, after the Dark Lord has been defeated). There are other examples. See also here, here, and here.
- If you can at all manage it, get some religion. In "the old days" many more people were believers than today, and there are reasons for this.
Some people would say this is because we have "learned more" (i.e. more science) than we knew in the old days, and have somehow disproved much of the religious beliefs of the past "ignorant" age. However our modern (scientific) worldview is completely enmeshed with our modern high-tech high-energy-requiring way of life, and cannot exist without it. And our modern, high-tech, high-energy-requiring way of life can only be — and could have ever only been — a temporary situation.
(In case you are unsure about this, there are many reasons why this is true. For e.g., our modern way of life requires non-renewable fuels and non-renewable natural resources in ever increasing quantities. Remember that if something is unsustainable, that means it cannot be sustained.)
To say that to live in such a way is "better" than the old ways, which were sustainable, and could have lasted forever, does not make a lot of sense.
People who are happy with the modern high-tech life seem to me a lot like how school children would be if suddenly a law was passed giving every school child free unlimited access to high quality heroin (administered properly, with no overdosing, and legally, with no stigma and none of the "lowlife" types of problems we normally associate with the drug). The children would (for a limited time) be very happy with the "deal", perhaps talking about those horrible old days when they used to have to do maths and geography, and how painful it was. No doubt, if anyone suggested that this was bad in the long term, they would fight as hard as they could to keep their access to their drug. And (again, for a limited time), life would indeed seem like it was much better.
- There are also very good reasons why developing a strong religious faith can become the best thing you ever do, in terms of life after (or even before) the crash. This is one of those things that is a lot easier to understand after you have been there (when you can feel it and not just think about it), compared to before. So, if this isn't something that makes sense to you, try to take my word for it (as much as you are able to). This isn't essential, but it can help — a lot.
One of the ways that it can help is that as part of having "a faith", you learn about how to have faith. That is, you learn to put your trust in a higher being — in God, the Creator (or whichever name you prefer to call Him). It is a lot easier to cope with problems when you believe that there is a higher power looking after things, even though things might not be the way you would want them, or are used to.
When things are really difficult, it is not always easy to hang onto this kind of faith all of the time, but you are still much better off than having no faith at all. Or having only faith in things (e.g. the modern high-tech way of life) that are failing all around you. Just having the goal of learning to have more faith can give you something to hope for, when you can no longer hope for a bigger house, higher salary, newer kitchen, more up to date PlayStation, newer car, cooler clothing, hotter girlfriend/boyfriend, etc., etc...
Another reason to have a faith is that your own physical death is one of the few things that you can 100% absolutely completely guarantee will happen. So it's a good idea to learn to be okay with it. I will have more to say about this in the future. For now, if you want to read more on this site, look here or here.
- Finally, don't let anyone (including this or any website) convince you that things are definitely going to be a certain way in the future. The only thing you can really be sure of is that things will change, and that our existing way of life, which is unsustainable, won't be able to be sustained. If you start reading about this type of stuff (especially on the internet), there will be people saying all kinds of things as if they are the gospel truth.
Some people will say "we will all need to grow our own food ourselves" (and perhaps also fight off all our neighbours with lots of guns). Others will say the only answer will be to run into the wilderness. Others may say the only answer is to travel to whatever country we are told is the source of our problems, and attack them (and/or take the resources we want from them). A lot of people will say the only answer is to follow them (and many of these people will become political figures, perhaps also military or religious figures).
Try to be as objective as you can. This can be hard, considering the vast amount of brainwashing we have already been exposed to in the modern high-tech world (and are likely to be exposed to even more once things start to really change). So much of what is in our minds (and motivates what we do) is based on a myth — the myth that non-renewable resources can be used in increasing quantities, forever, and the myth that the faster we use up these resources, the more we will be rewarded.
No! No different. Only different in your mind. You must unlearn what you have learned. — Yoda, The Empire Strikes Back
Perhaps some of these things will happen, perhaps not. If you like the idea of learning about a certain low-tech way of life, then go for it. If you have looked into some of these things and you really cannot bear the thought of it, then perhaps another way of preparing is better for you. We all have our own path that we must walk, and, as they say, there are many ways to skin a cat. (And this rule still applies even if you have to skin and eat the cat).
I have written a more general "How to Get Started" page here, though this is not so specifically tailored to the upcoming global economic crash, there is some stuff there that might be helpful to you.
Why the Global Economy is About to Crash
Surviving the Economic Crash — Web Links
Books About Survival in the Future Hard Times
The Power of Community: How Cuba Survived Peak Oil (Video)
What the Economic Crisis Really Means - and What We Can Do About It (Video)
Arithmetic, Population and Energy (Video)
What is Peak Oil?
World Scientists' Warning to Humanity
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